The Arabic word ISLAM literally means 'submission'. Islam as a faith means total and sincere submission, surrender and obedience to the orders and teachings of Allah.-The Creator and sustainer of the heavens and earth and all the laws which govern them. Islm is not named after a group of people or an individual, as Judaism is named after the tribe of Judah, Christianity anmed after Christ and Buddhism named after Buddha.
Islam is a name divinely revealed from Allah. One whom sincerely submits his or her will to the authentic teachings of Alah voluntarilty is called a Muslim. It was not Muhammad but Adam (peace and blessiongs be upon them both) who brought Islam to humanity.
Muslims worship the same God as Jews and Christians. However some non-Muslims incorrectly believe that Muslims worship a different God. This might be due to the fact that Muslims refer to God as ALLAH. Actually Muslims worship the God of Adam, Noah, Moses, Abraham and Jesus. The word ALLAH simply is the Arabic name for Almighty God-The one and only Almighty Creator and sustainer of everything. Allah is also simply the the same word that Arabic speaking Christians and Jews use to refer to God.
If you see an Arabic Bible you will see the word Allah where God is used in English.
However, although Muslims, Jews and Christians believe generally in the same God, their concepts regarding Him differ greatly. For example Muslims reject the idea of Almighty God (Allah) having any partners or sons or being part of a trinity and ascribe pure oneness and perfection only to the Almighty Allah.
Islam, in a nutshell, is based upon five (5) strict pillars of belief and six (6) principles of faith.
1. BELIEF IN ALLAH
Muslims believe in one, unique, incomparable God (Allah), Who has no son nor partner, and that none has the right to be worshiped but him alone. He is the true God, and every other deity is false. He has the most magnificent names and sublime perfect attributes. No one shares his divinity, nor his attributes. In the Qur'an, God describes himself:
(Say, "He is Allah, The One and Only.
Allah, the Eternal, Absolute;
He begetteth not, Nor is he begotten;
And there is none like unto Him.)
No one has the right to be invoked, supplicated, prayed to, or shown any act of worship, but God alone. God alone is the Almighty, the Creator, the Sovereign, and the Sustainer of everything in the whole universe. He manages all affairs. He stands in need of none of his creatures, and all his creatures depend on him for all that they need. He is the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing, and the All Knowing.
2. BELIEF IN THE ANGELS
Muslims believe in the existence of the angels and that they are honored creatures. The angels worship God alone, obey him, and act only by his command. Among the angels is Gebriel, who brought down the Qur'an to Muhammed (peace & blessings be upon him)
3. BELIEF IN ALLAH'S REVEALED BOOKS
Muslims believe that God revealed books to his messengers as proof for mankind and as a guidance for them. Among these is the Qur'an, which was revealed to the prophet Muhammed (pbuh). God has guaranteed the Qur'an's protection from any corruption or distortion.
4. BELIEF IN THE PROPHETS AND MESSENGERS OF ALLAH
Muslims believe in the prophets and messengers of God, starting with Adam, including Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isacc, Jacob, Moses, and Jesus (peace be upon them all). But God's final message to man, a reconfirmation of the eternal message, was revealed to the prophet Muhummad(pbuh). Muslims believe that Muhammed (pbuh) is the last prophet and messenger sent by God. Muslims believe that all the prophets and messengers were created human beings who had none of the divine qualities of God.
5. BELIEF IN THE DAY OF JUDGMENT
Muslims believe in the Day of Judgement when all people will be resurrected for God's judgement according to their beliefs and deeds. There will be final day where all humanity will be judged and the final destination will be either one (1) of two (2) places; Either to Jannah (heaven) for the obedient believers (Muslims) or Naar (Hell) for the disobedient, wicked and unbelievers (those who reject Islam and die not as Muslims.)
6. BELIEF IN AL-QADR
Muslims believe in Al-Qadar, which is divine Predestination, but this belief in divine Predestination does not mean that humans do not have freewill. Rather, Muslims believe that God has given human beings freewill. this means that they can choose right or wrong and that they are responsible for heir choices.
The belief in divine Predestination includes belief in four things:
1) God knows everything. He knows what has happened and what will happen.
2) God has recorded all that has happened and all that will happen.
3) Whatever God wills to happen will happen, and what he wills not to happen does not happen.
4) God is the creator of everything.