This video covers the basics of how to create a reference list citation for a journal article using APA citation style.
All entries in the reference list, including journal article citations should have a ½” hanging indent. If you aren’t sure how to format a hanging indent, please refer to the handouts in the Alverno Library's Citation Guide: http://libguides.alverno.edu/citingsources
Begin the citation with the authors’ names. When the article has multiple authors, the last author is preceded by an ampersand (&) – however, different rules apply if there are more than 7 authors.
Spell out the entire last name followed by the first and (if present) middle initial. Do not spell out the first or middle name. And, do not include the authors’ credentials (such as PhD or MBA…).
The next element of the citation is the date. Use the year that the article was published, enclosed in parentheses and followed by a period. Do not include the month or day of publication, even if the full date is provided in the article.
The year of publication is followed by the journal article title. Notice that the title of the article is not italicized. Also take note of the capitalization. For article titles, the only words that are capitalized are the first word of the title, the first word of the subtitle, which typically follows a colon, and proper nouns, such as names of countries, organizations, and people.
In this example, the word “Taking” is capitalized because it is the first word of the subtitle. “United States” is also capitalized because it is a proper noun.
Next, we have the title of the journal. Notice that the title is italicized. That’s because the journal is the larger work. In an APA reference list, titles of larger “stand alone” works such as books or journals are italicized. The shorter works within, such as book chapters or journal articles, are not. For journal titles, all major words are capitalized.
The volume and issue number are next. The volume number is listed first and italicized. The issue number is in parentheses. There is no space between the volume and issue number.
Next, is the page range of the article followed by a period.
Finally, we have the DOI, or Digital Object Identifier. Publishers will typically provide an article's DOI on the first page of the document.
The DOI in this example is proceeded by “https” and is formatted correctly. There is no period at the end of the DOI and it is not hyperlinked.
Because DOI’s are fairly new to publishing, older articles may not have one. If you are citing an article that does not have a DOI, Alverno librarians recommend that you end the citation with the page range followed by a period.