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APA Research Paper: APA Format and APA Citations Made Easy

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A brief guide to APA style for in-text citations and manuscript format.The Word template shown can be downloaded from http://www.peakwriting.com/APA.docx For a video that shows how to set up your Word document in APA style from scratch, see: http://youtu.be/9pbUoNa5tyY Good luck!
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Text Comments (105)
Cesar C. (22 days ago)
Do the intext citations apply to Articles online too? And if so, how do we do it?
David Taylor (22 days ago)
Cesar--Yes. Any use of a published source must be cited with an in-text citation and with a corresponding reference citation. How to format an in-text citation of an online article? That depends whether the article is from a website, online journal or database. Use these models: https://sites.umuc.edu/library/libhow/apa_examples.cfm
Samer Ashour (7 months ago)
Thank you
David Taylor (7 months ago)
You're welcome! You may also be interested in this video on using sources in an APA research paper: https://youtu.be/kzcBiY2BGQA
david odipo (7 months ago)
so helpful thanks so much
David Taylor (7 months ago)
You're welcome! You may also be interested in this video on using sources in an APA research paper: https://youtu.be/kzcBiY2BGQA
Ruby Flowers (1 year ago)
Thank you!!!!
David Taylor (1 year ago)
You're welcome. You'll find more on this page--http://effectivewritingcenter.org/
David Taylor (1 year ago)
You're welcome! Let me know whatever else you need. You may also be interested in this video on using sources in a basic research paper: https://youtu.be/kzcBiY2BGQA
CAPTALUSN (1 year ago)
Thanks Mr, Taylor, I had so much trouble writing paragraphs or they just didn't make a great deal of sense. Now to watch the rest of your videos and take notes. Subscribed!
David Taylor (1 year ago)
Thanks, TX. You're welcome. You may also want to check out the formulas for each of the three types of paragraphs outlined in the video: Introduction paragraph: https://youtu.be/clPtbFT23Bs Body paragraphs: https://youtu.be/oYpa9Z_4KcI Conclusion paragraph: https://youtu.be/eYzuw70yhSU
Keng Vang (1 year ago)
Thank you so much, sir, this was really helpful because I did not know how to type in APA format. I can't express to you how thankful I am of you, sir.
David Taylor (1 year ago)
Great to hear it helped, Keng. Let me know anything else you need.
Thomas Wiggins (1 year ago)
Going for my Masters, this was extremely helpful. Thank you
David Taylor (1 year ago)
Thank you and good luck! You may also be interested in this video on using sources in a research paper: https://youtu.be/kzcBiY2BGQA
Sy Beidy (1 year ago)
God bless you !
David Taylor (1 year ago)
Thank you, Sy! Blessings to you and yours this season.
Freemind4now (1 year ago)
thank you, I needed this
David Taylor (1 year ago)
You're welcome! Let me know anything else you need.
Joey Soto (2 years ago)
I'm currently writing a research paper for my criminology class, and I was stuck, until now!
The Kiddo (1 year ago)
haha :)
David Taylor (2 years ago)
Welcome to the unstuck world!
O (2 years ago)
Thank you this was really helpful! I had a question does every new paragraph need a title for the most recent APA writing format? thanks
O (2 years ago)
Thank you
David Taylor (2 years ago)
The titles you are referring to are called subheadings in APA. They divide your paper into sections. Sometimes the section can be one paragraph; sometimes a section can be more than one paragraph. Your call.
Anely Erlewein (2 years ago)
Thank you so much for this Mr. David!!! all of your videos are so helpful!
Jabba Punk (2 years ago)
David, you're the man! I found this to be very helpful. Thank you.
David Taylor (2 years ago)
+Jabba Punk Thanks for the good words, Jabba. Best success to you!
Kitty Kritic (2 years ago)
Thank you so much for posting this. It has really helped me out so much.
David Taylor (2 years ago)
+Kitty Kritic That is great to hear, Kitty. Thanks for the comment.
J McCord (2 years ago)
I have a question. Why in the body paragraph in-text citation, no page number was used when it was a direct quotation?
David Taylor (2 years ago)
+J McCord This student paper was incorrect. For a direct quotation in APA, there should be a page number or paragraph number.
Iris Gao (2 years ago)
Hi Mr. David, Do you know normally how many blank spaces should I leave when writing an essay for graduate application when using APA format?
David Taylor (2 years ago)
+Jingyun Gao Single space, if it is a letter. Double space if it is a narrative.
Fatima A'atif (2 years ago)
Hello Mr.David. Do you have any video that explains how to do citations using APA style? but without using word or any sites that helps because my final exam is in a week and I dont know how to do that :( please help! thank you so much!
Fatima A'atif (2 years ago)
Thank you very much! :)
David Taylor (2 years ago)
+Fatima A'atif Fatima--It is unusual for a student to be expected to create correct citations without using reference materials. If you are put in that situation, your best bet is to memorize the basic format for an APA in-text citation and for an APA reference citation, then apply those formats as best you can. Those formats can be found in this video - https://youtu.be/9pbUoNa5tyY -
aadenater 123 s (2 years ago)
Very good information from a MAED student...however, we have been taught to insert page numbers as well when it is a direct quote and in quotations  ...can you tell me why you do not do this?  Thanks!
aadenater 123 s (2 years ago)
+David Taylor (Peakdavid) Thank you for clarifying--I appreciate it!  I've wrote soooo many papers in APA and have always had to insert page number or paragraphs in citations.  I just wanted to verify that this is proper so no one will do it wrong.  Good information though! I enjoyed your presentation!  I'm two classes away from finishing my master's program with a 4.0 GPA so I'm well versed in writing (at least I should be! lol)
David Taylor (2 years ago)
+Karen S You are correct: Page numbers (or paragraph numbers) should be used for quotations in APA style. As to why I didn't do it--was using a student model. Probably should have gotten a better model!
Suz A (2 years ago)
David: I pulled up the template, as suggested, but it's read only. I cannot seem to find a way to make a copy that is editable (even using MS Help). Additionally, should there be a table of contents? Do we add that separately, or is there a different template you suggest? Sorry to seem so dim, but I am accustomed to working in Apple Pages, and need to transfer a large research paper into Word, to turn it in (and I'm stuck, with the clock ticking...getting frustrated :) ). Thank you for posting these videos, you are so helpful.
David Taylor (2 years ago)
+Suzanne Azzarella Suzanne--are you working on a Mac or Windows PC? Unfortunately, the templates are formatted for a Windows machine. That may be the problem. I checked the document--everyone has Write permission and I've never had this comment before.
priscilla amo (2 years ago)
please am in Ghana can you help me to referencing in MLA
David Taylor (2 years ago)
+priscilla amo The video above does exactly what you ask for. It is an APA essay that integrates sources with in-text citations. Good luck!
priscilla amo (2 years ago)
Can you give me examples of Essay with APA style. How to reference and also how to use their names in the essay. Am confuse. Hope am not worrying you too
David Taylor (2 years ago)
+priscilla amo It is my honor and pleasure to help you. The best way to create references in MLA style is to use a citation machine. I recommend http://www.citemaker.com/ or https://www.lib.ncsu.edu/citationbuilder/ Be sure to select MLA as your style. Fill in the blanks and you will receive an MLA citation. Good luck!
Kaylee Smith (3 years ago)
Wow! Thank you so much! I have never written in APA before, although in MLA and was pretty confused on the formatting of the paper (the headers, cover page, etc.) and my teacher did not have time to go over it. I feel ready to right my paper now more than ever!
aadenater 123 s (2 years ago)
+Kaylee Smith Just be sure to include the page number.  Like (Hamill, 2008, p. 8) or if it's a paragraph (Hamill, 2008, para. 8) for an example--good luck!
Giovanni Juan Carlos (3 years ago)
I just started taking this HRM 300 and I just want to say thank you very much for your video, it's been about a year since my last paper. This helped me tons.
David Taylor (3 years ago)
+Juan Castillo-Adame Thanks for the feedback. Really glad it helped!
Jolene Turner (3 years ago)
Great job! Thank you!
David Taylor (3 years ago)
+Jolene Turner Thank you for commenting. Really glad it helped.
hajk58 (3 years ago)
this was very helpful, Thankyou!
Molly Blackmer (3 years ago)
very helpful! thank you
David Taylor (3 years ago)
+Molly Blackmer Good to hear, Molly. Let me know anything else you need.
Wings888888 (3 years ago)
David Taylor is the man!
David Taylor (3 years ago)
Amy is forever! 
synonymrolls (3 years ago)
That really helped! Now  i know how to finish my physics paper, thank you!
David Taylor (3 years ago)
Good luck, Alina!
JL Blades (4 years ago)
Great video! I have not written a paper in over 15 years. Thanks for the info and great tips. 
JL Blades (4 years ago)
I'll check it out. Thanks!
David Taylor (4 years ago)
Thanks, JL. Welcome back to school. You might also find this one helpful: http://youtu.be/GwjmMtTVO1g
王凡 (4 years ago)
This is a clear explanation. 
David Taylor (4 years ago)
Thank you, sir!
zamgoods (4 years ago)
I went to  http://www.peakwriting.com/.  Thank you for your formatted document.  It was soooooo helpful.
David Taylor (3 years ago)
+zamgoods Glad it helped!
feathers437 (4 years ago)
ok!! I got it!! Yayyy me!!! Thank you so much for this!! :0)
feathers437 (4 years ago)
couldn't open the writing format! :0(
David Taylor (5 years ago)
Thanks, Chupie. Glad it helpled. I get that Jeff Bridges comment a lot. I consider it compliment. Not so sure about Jeff Bridges.
Chupie92 (5 years ago)
Your voice reminds me of Jeff Bridges, and I love it. Also, thank you for the video, it has helped a lot.
David Taylor (5 years ago)
That's great to hear, April. Good luck!
April Hazen (5 years ago)
This really helped a lot professor. I now understand more on in-text citations. Now I can use them correctly in my Unit 4 IP. Thank you very much for the links, I truly appreciate it a lot.
David Taylor (5 years ago)
Sinee I not able to put links in these boxes, go to Google and searc on APA 6th manuscript template. Or click on the link in the description above and the vid shows you how to set up a template.
Christy Laforet (5 years ago)
Where is the APA temp. I just used and cant seem to find it. I really prefer yours. Thank you
David Taylor (5 years ago)
In APA, blogs are called "weblogs"-- J Dean. (2008, May 7). When the self emerges: Is that me in the mirror? [Web log comment]. Retrieved from PUT FULL URL HERE NO PERIOD
armychiqharris (5 years ago)
How do you write in-text citations from a electronic source such as yahoo blog? or usa today from yahoo?
David Taylor (5 years ago)
Kristona Foster--We're not allowed to put links in here or I'd link you to the one on my site. But look in the description of this video and follow the link to a video that shows you how to do it with Word step-by-step.
Kristona Foster (5 years ago)
I am having trouble downloading an APA temp. on my computer. such as , notepad, Microsoft word. Any sugestions? TIA
David Taylor (5 years ago)
Thanks for your comment. Everything cited needs page numbers (quotes, summaries and paraphrases) if taken from a specific part of the work. If the work does not have page numbers, paragraph numbers and section names should be used. Only when the entire work is being referenced should there not be page or paragraph numbers.
Kristin Swindle (5 years ago)
Direct quotes need page numbers.
kattyy marte (5 years ago)
Thank you for exampling it in a way that is so easy to understand. My professors exampling only added more confusion.
David Taylor (5 years ago)
Sorry, I don't have ODF software.
OriginalDecoy (5 years ago)
Can you post a link for the template in ODF format. I don't have microsoft software.
David Taylor (5 years ago)
Good luck, sync.
syncflame (5 years ago)
Thank you I will save your video for future references.
David Taylor (5 years ago)
Mike--the citations refer to published works used for support. There are two types of citations: in-text and reference page. A good explanation is my video "Your APA Essay--How to Use Research Sources" Good luck!
Darius Roberts (5 years ago)
Where did the citations come from or where do you find it?
belovedrebel88 (6 years ago)
Thank you! ugh! i was getting so frustrated....this is atleast clearing things up for me....
thrill ofhorror (6 years ago)
thank you so much for your info. I have several people who wait for me to find this stuff out. I just have an attention span of a gnat some times. This will help me greatly.
David Taylor (6 years ago)
Thrill--sure, these are public videos and can be shared in any way you wish. On citations, I recommend the Bedford Bibliographer (search here on YouTube or Google--I have a video on how to use it). Select "web page" from the source type. Son of Citation Machine is also good.
thrill ofhorror (6 years ago)
I was wondering if it would be ok with you for me to submit your tutorials to my psychology class. I am a student. I just see that it is still hard for a good amount of people to cite correctly. Including me. I was wondering, do you know how to cite a web site that is not clear on who wrote or published it. So far I have been emailing all of them to get their information. Is there and easier/ correct way to do this with out bugging everyone.
David Taylor (6 years ago)
@lovelplants -->> thanks, lovel.
David Taylor (7 years ago)
@Bright695 -->> Are you talking about the actual overall paper now or the literature review? The lit review is only one part of the overall paper. For a video on how to structure the overall paper, see my "APA Research Paper: APA Format and APA Citations Made Easy" here on YouTube.
Quang Phan (7 years ago)
You are right! I focus on the most problematic of American accent for non-speakers. Should I mention definitions of accent, American English, American accent and a bit about British English and others? You know, What is in my mind now is that i will carry out my research by using 2 methodology. Would you mind taking a little valuable time of yours to tell me what to do. I've watched your video over and over again and that's why I follow the format without any doubt. Sorry if this is a bother
David Taylor (7 years ago)
@Bright695 -->> Is your focus those aspects of the American accent that are most problematic for non-American speakers? If that is the case, then your focus should be in the area of English as a Second Language > American English > American speech patterns and idioms. This area of linguistics is often called TOEFL, for Teaching English as a Foreign Language. Good luck!
Quang Phan (7 years ago)
I am conducting a research about "the difficulties of American accent students may have when listening to" Please tell me what i should do on my literature review. Please help me!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
David Taylor (7 years ago)
@am2good247 <<<---- I think I understand what you're saying. If you looking for the manuscript format video, it is: youtube.com/watch?v=9pbUoNa5tyY Good luck!
David Taylor (8 years ago)
Keith--Good question. It is the author's responsibility make clear when source material is being used by employing one of many source integration signals or techniques. So the answer to the question is: everything is Susan's (or common knowledge) except that which is clearly signaled to be from a specific source. Common knowledge = information found in numerous sources, e.g., Washington was the first president, Lady G.a.g.a.'s real name is S.tefani.
David Taylor (8 years ago)
Keith--Good question. It is the author's responsibility make clear when source material is being used by employing one of many source integration signals or techniques. So the answer to the question is: everything is Susan's (or common knowledge) except that which is clearly signaled to be from a specific source. Common knowledge = information found in numerous sources, e.g., Washington was the first president, Lady Gaga's real name is Stefani Germanotta.
David Taylor (8 years ago)
@jfoysilver: "What about the paragraph number? " In 6th edition, handled like the page number: if there are paragraph numbers, use them. But remember, the paragraph numbers (like page numbers) must be visible on the source. If there are no page or paragraph numbers, but there are headings, use a shortened version of the heading and then count the paragraph numbers. This info is on p. 172 of the 6th edition.
jfoysilver (8 years ago)
@peakdavid What about the paragraph number?
David Taylor (8 years ago)
@jfoysilver: "Don't you need to add the page number to a direct quote?" Reply: The only time you add a page number for a direct quote is when the source has numbered pages. Many digital sources do not have page numbers.
jfoysilver (8 years ago)
Don't you need to add the page number to a direct quote?
David Taylor (8 years ago)
you can quote or paraphrase your source. Up to you. No matter if it is a quote or paraphrase, putting author's name in parentheses depends on whether or not you used the name in your sentence. All of these are correct: According to Friedman (2009), violent children may have suicidal tendencies. Violent children may have suicidal tendencies (Friedman, 2009). J. Friedman (2009) wrote: "Suicide plagues violent children." One author wrote: "Suicide plagues violent children" (Friedman, 2009).
David Taylor (8 years ago)
@slowenergy: Will have to guess at this one. I can't decipher "sentence quote " " in parenthesis." You must use a citation for a direct quote or for info taken from a source and put in your own words: Quote: According to Friedman (2007), "If you combine the long term symptoms with the behavior changes, the necessity for immediate intervention becomes imperative." Paraphrase: Combing symptoms with behavior changes makes it clear when preventive action is needed (Friedman, 2007).

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