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APA in Minutes: In-Text Citations

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This video will show you the basics on how to create an in-text citation in APA format.
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Text Comments (87)
Amanvir Gill (2 years ago)
is this also for in-text citation for websites?
HumberLibraries (2 years ago)
Yes, if you use the example in the APA in Minutes: Websites video you would cite the Health Canada website in-text using the techniques in this video. For example, (Health Canada, 2007, para. 4).
Ben Charlton (4 days ago)
Awesome thank you! Less than three minutes and i understand this now. I do not know why every teacher i ask makes this sound so complicated.
HumberLibraries (2 days ago)
Thanks so much, Ben! We're glad it was helpful.
Liam Kelton (8 days ago)
lhdnp77 (9 days ago)
You have saved me $100 by not having to hire an editor to edit my research papers. Thank you very much!
HumberLibraries (9 days ago)
That's so good to hear!
It’s Morgan (13 days ago)
Stupid I wanted to how goodness
Nina Satchell (22 days ago)
I love you
Debra Nelson (23 days ago)
I love this information, very helpful.
HumberLibraries (22 days ago)
Thank you!
haile 89 (1 month ago)
HumberLibraries (1 month ago)
Thank you, we are happy to help!
Debpraj Tirmer (1 month ago)
Is putting the paragraph really necessary if it is just a website or article? I have seen many APA essays with in-text citation without para added.
HumberLibraries (1 month ago)
Yes, you should use paragraph numbers on websites when they are visible. If the paragraph number is not visible, you should use the heading of the section it is in (or a shortened version of it) with the paragraph number following it (e.g. Methods, para. 2).
Rui Yan (1 month ago)
It's changed, more than two authors should have a comma before "&", like this, (Smith, Tim, & Lee, 2018)
HumberLibraries (1 month ago)
Hello Rui Yan, You have a keen eye! Well done spotting this error in our video. You may have also noticed that we forgot to include the year in that example. In your own work be sure to add the comma and the year, for example, (Talley, Dalfen, & Weir, 2011, p. 38). We will be sure to correct this mistake in our next version of the video.
ChrisElise (1 month ago)
This helped me with my lab report thanks!
John_Hunt2743 (3 months ago)
Hey I'm the King Of Voice Overs John Hunt. Subscribe and laugh until you fall out your seat.
Cyrus Chavez (3 months ago)
Isn't the author and date supposed to go first before the quote? a lil bit confused
HumberLibraries (3 months ago)
Hello Cyrus, Great question! There are two ways you can identify an in-text citation. The one you are referring to uses what APA calls a signal phrase. You can read more about how to introduce in-text citations on the APA Style Blog (http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2011/01/writing-in-text-citations-in-apa-style.html).
Eddie Martinez (4 months ago)
jules patrick tirado (4 months ago)
What if there are 2 pages? Should I write the: article pgs.80-85, quotes pg.83?
Jonathan Allen (5 months ago)
Thank you very much short and sweet
baki (6 months ago)
1:44 so, do not we need to mention the year for three or more authors in citation?
HumberLibraries (6 months ago)
Hello Name Last Name, You have a keen eye! Well done spotting this little error in our video. You should include the year for three or more authors, for example, (Talley, Dalfen & Weir, 2011, p. 38). We will be sure to correct this mistake in our next version of the video.
Bea Creates (7 months ago)
what if your citing the abstract of a study? Do you just put (last name, date, abstract)?
Bea Creates (7 months ago)
Thank you so much!
HumberLibraries (7 months ago)
Hello Bea, The short answer is that you are on the right track, and your suggested in-text citation should work. If you only used the abstract and not the full text of the article in your paper, I recommend making this clear in your reference list citation as well. You can do this by placing [Abstract], including the square brackets, after the title of the article but before the period. For more information on this I recommend page 202 of The Publication Manual of the APA (6th edition).
Ashton Adams (8 months ago)
Susan Bell (10 months ago)
This just simplified years of education in less than 3 minutes.
هنكل HNKL (10 months ago)
What if the date of publication is N/A do you just put the date accessed?
HumberLibraries (10 months ago)
Hello HNKL, If you can't locate the date of publication it is best to use n.d. which stands for, no date. In text, that would look like (Humber Libraries, n.d.).
Forensic (11 months ago)
Can someone please kindly explain to me like how do you get in-text citation? Is it from a paragraph from the author or in a single sentence. Or is it both?
HumberLibraries (11 months ago)
Hi Forensic, Thanks for writing back. You are correct. Use an in-text citation even if you are only referencing one sentence from within an article.
Forensic (11 months ago)
You get/use the author name (who wrote the entire article) if you reference a sentence from his (author) entire article?
HumberLibraries (11 months ago)
Hello Forensic, I am not sure I grasp your question, so forgive me if I don't answer it well. If your question concerns how much of an author's work you need to cite, a paragraph or sentence. I recommend using an in-text citation whenever you use an idea from any length of writing. That is, you should always cite the ideas of others when you use them in your writing. Place the in-text citation directly following the sentence in which you use the idea. Comment back if you need more help.
Jam Collins (1 year ago)
I have 4 scientific essays to write and this saved me a truck load of time. Very helpful
Sukhpreet (1 year ago)
Thanks so much :)
crissani sabido (1 year ago)
great Video!
Wafa Mohamed (1 year ago)
JESSICA x2 (1 year ago)
What if there's more than 3 authors?
HumberLibraries (1 year ago)
Hi Jessica, great question. I think you might find this advice from the Purdue OWL helpful (https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/03/): "A Work by Three to Five Authors: List all the authors in the signal phrase or in parentheses the first time you cite the source. Use the word "and" between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in the parentheses. (Kernis, Cornell, Sun, Berry, & Harlow, 1993) In subsequent citations, only use the first author's last name followed by "et al." in the signal phrase or in parentheses. (Kernis et al., 1993)"
Stephen Lee (1 year ago)
great video! I learned so much I never knew from this super simple and easy video! Thank you so much HumberLibraries!!!
ARMeNshokeR (1 year ago)
Why we do not have to mention the name of the book in the In-Text Citations?
HumberLibraries (1 year ago)
Great question! The short answer is that you don't have to mention the book title in your in-text citation because the full reference list citation at the end of your paper will include the name of the book. That being said, you can use the name of the book in your writing by including it in your signal phrase. For more help on incorporating sources in your writing: http://www.tlp-lpa.ca/writing/sources-module
The Halittle (1 year ago)
the most useful video ive ever seen about citation. thanks.
HumberLibraries (1 year ago)
Thanks, we are happy you found it useful.
Rakibul Hasan Rakib (1 year ago)
Very simple and easy to Understand. Tnx to Humber Libraries.
Mickie Barbee (1 year ago)
Like  a;; these websites very he;lpful but some of these websites are still hard to cite properly
Mickie Barbee (1 year ago)
OWL  Purdue
HumberLibraries (1 year ago)
Agreed! The Purdue OWL is an excellent resource (https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/). We suggest it at the end of all our APA videos.
matthew piper (2 years ago)
By far the best explanation Thank you.
VegitoAttacks (2 years ago)
There is no publication date on my website so can I use the copyright date instead? I'm using APA.
HumberLibraries (2 years ago)
You're welcome. Thanks for asking a great question.
VegitoAttacks (2 years ago)
Ok thanks :)
HumberLibraries (2 years ago)
Agreed. In this case, the copyright date is the best option you have.
VegitoAttacks (2 years ago)
Ok so since I am using a corporate website I should use the copy right date? P.S I'm trying to cite this website page: https://www.tesla.com/en_CA/about
HumberLibraries (2 years ago)
The unfortunate answer is: it depends. Most websites update their copyright date to the current year automatically. If the website you are referencing is similar to a corporate website then it makes sense to use the copyright date. However, it the website is an undated blog post on an otherwise copyright dated website, then you may want to use (n.d.) to indicate that no date was available for the specific information you are referencing. If you have access to a Writing Centre or Library I recommend you show them the website in person and get a second opinion.
Kavin Anand (2 years ago)
Thank you so much! Very simple and intuitive video
HumberLibraries (2 years ago)
You are most welcome.
Brittany Applewhite (2 years ago)
Thanks a million times over.
Teresa Su (2 years ago)
Thank you so much for this simple and easy to understand guide. You explained to me in 3 minutes what a 30 page handbook could not. I know there are more detailed points but at least now I have a basic understanding of it.
HumberLibraries (2 years ago)
+Teresa Su You are most welcome! Best of luck on your APA journey.
mrfroboto1 (2 years ago)
What do I do if my information is from a website and I can't find an author nor page number.
mrfroboto1 (2 years ago)
+HumberLibraries thanks! I appreciate it.
HumberLibraries (2 years ago)
+mrfroboto1 I recommend you take a look a the APA Style Blog, because they have instructions on this issue (http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/01/the-generic-reference-who.html). Here is a quote of their advice: "In some cases, there truly is no way to pin down who the author is. We treat this as 'no author.' In reference citations, we handle this by moving the content’s title into the author position (with no quotation marks around it). This most commonly occurs for wiki entries, dictionary entries, and unattributed website content. In the in-text citation, the title (put inside double quotation marks) likewise takes the place of the author’s name." The above advice means that your in-text citation would rely on the title of the website and the paragraph number of the idea or fact you are referencing, for example, ("Website Title", 2016, para. 5).
Death Row (2 years ago)
Does anybody know what the year indicates?
Death Row (2 years ago)
When you say (Author, year, p. 9) Year of what do you mean?
Death Row (2 years ago)
+HumberLibraries Thank you very very much !!
HumberLibraries (2 years ago)
+Cash Young The year is the year of publication. In the case that you can't locate the year of publication you can use n.d. for no date.
Death Row (2 years ago)
+Sexbert thank you ..
Sexbert (2 years ago)
+Cash Young year the article was published
Tekk Savvy (3 years ago)
(authors last name) or (website)--?
HumberLibraries (2 years ago)
+Tekk Savvy Sorry to miss your question from a few months ago. If you expand on your question maybe I can help answer it.
Yuxin Chen (3 years ago)
Thank you very much, very simple and useful...
HumberLibraries (3 years ago)
+Yuxin Chen You're welcome! Thanks for your feedback, too.
Anisha (3 years ago)
Thank you! Humber is truly a life-saver!
HumberLibraries (3 years ago)
+Anisha John Happy to help!
Ifeoma Egwuonwu (3 years ago)
Thank you, simple and straight to the important points!
HumberLibraries (3 years ago)
+Ifeoma Egwuonwu Happy to help.
Alex Furey (3 years ago)
What happens if you're quoting an author or his/her ideas multiple times through out a paper?   In my paper, I paraphrase a research article like this, It is commonly believed -:enter facts from previous research paper that I did not write:- (Smith, 2012, p. 15). But then I say, "Smith goes on to say, "now this is a direct quote from Smith's paper, and I'm not sure if I need to put his name, publish date and page at the end again.  Seems so redundant."
HumberLibraries (3 years ago)
Hi Alex, Great question! I know some aspects of APA might seem redundant but it is important to always cite your sources, especially direct quotations. Your question might be resolved with an adjustment to the writing style. Since we only cover the basics of APA citation, I recommend you make an appointment with our campus Writing Centre (if you are a Humber student). Best of luck!
Spare-me-your-sorrow (4 years ago)
This was beautiful thank you humber
Martin Echavarria (4 years ago)
There is a space after the p. which is not mentioned and the para. 4 why the 4 - how poorly done!
Martin Echavarria (4 years ago)
Anytime, hopefully I was not too harsh in my comment.
HumberLibraries (4 years ago)
Hi Martin, thank you for your feedback. We are always striving to improve our APA in Minutes series, and your feedback will help us do that. Our videos focus on the basics of APA citation, if you require more detailed support with APA citation we recommend reading the relevant section of the _Publication Manual  of the American Psychological Association_ (6th ed.) or setting up an appointment with your campus writing centre.

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